Occupational  Therapy for Native Americans

Occupational Therapy Resources


State Mental Health Block Grants have been increase by Congresshttp://beta.samhsa.gov/grants/block-grants http://www.benefits.gov/benefits/benefit-details/765 
Healthy Transitions Initiative:  http://www.samhsa.gov/Grants/2009/sm_09_008.pdf 


The Indian Health Service (IHS) estimated budget request for Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 includes $19,090,023 for the IHS Loan Repayment Program (LRP) for health professional educational loans (undergraduate and graduate) in return for full-time clinical service as defined in the IHS LRP policy clarifications at http://www.ihs.gov/loanrepayment/documents/LRP_Policy_Updates.pdf in Indian health programs.

This program announcement is subject to the appropriation of funds. This notice is being published early to coincide with the recruitment activity of the IHS, which competes with other Government and private health management organizations to employ qualified health professionals.

This program is authorized by 25 U.S.C. 1616a.

Native American Culture 

Introduction to Native Americans/American Indians

There are 563 federally-recognized tribes in the United States.  228 of those are in Alaska.  Approximately 200 tribes are extinct. The 1954 Termination & Relocation Act terminated 109 tribes.  (G. Russell, 2004, pg. 69). 

The United States Governments definition of a legal Indian is:  “Any person who has the certifiable Indian blood quantum to meet the enrollment requirements of a federally recognized tribe.”  

Introduction to Reservations: The name "reservation" comes from the conception of the Indian tribes as independent sovereigns at the time the U.S. Constitution was ratified. Thus, the early peace treaties (often signed under duress) in which Indian tribes surrendered large portions of land to the U.S. also designated parcels which the tribes, as sovereigns, "reserved" to themselves, and those parcels came to be called "reservations." The term remained in use even after the federal government began to forcibly relocate tribes to parcels of land to which they had no historical connection. As of the year 2000, a majority of Native Americans and Alaska Natives live somewhere other than the reservations, often in big western cities such as Phoenix and Los Angeles. In 2012, there were over 2.5 million Native Americans with about 1 million living on reservations. (wikipedia. Pg. 1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_reservation) 


http://www.nativedata.com/   Has numerous links regarding Native American Tribes and statistics 


http://www.usa.gov/Government/Tribal.shtml Tribal Governments and Native American s

Introduction to Native American Health     
The provision of healthcare to American Indians and Alaska Natives is based on a political legal relationship that is a federal obligation and not a racial basis as many Americans think.  This political relationship establishes a responsibility for a variety of services and benefits to Indian people based on their status as Indians, including health care. This relationship has been defined in case law and statute as a political relationship that further distinguishes Indians from racial classification for purposes of affirmative action laws and in other federal statutes that establish federally funded programs for the general public

Indian Health Service:  Agency Overview directly as stated at the site  http://www.ihs.gov/index.cfm The Indian Health Service (IHS), an
agency within the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for providing federal health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. The provision of health services to members of federally-recognized tribes grew out of the special government-to-government relationship between the federal government and Indian tribes. This relationship, established in 1787, is based on Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, and has been given form and substance by numerous treaties, laws, Supreme Court decisions, and Executive Orders. The IHS is the principal federal health care provider and health advocate for Indian people, and its goal is to raise their health status to the highest possible level. The IHS provides a comprehensive health service delivery system for American Indians and Alaska Natives who are members of 566
federally recognized Tribes across the U.S.

Our Mission... to raise the physical, mental, social, and spiritual health of American Indians and Alaska Natives to the highest level.

Our Goal... to assure that comprehensive, culturally acceptable personal and public health services are available and accessible to American Indian and Alaska Native people.

Our Foundation... to uphold the Federal Government's obligation to promote healthy American Indian and Alaska Native people, communities, and cultures and to honor and protect the inherent sovereign rights of Tribes

http://www.ihs.gov/newsroom/factsheets/  Indian Health Service Fact Sheets

http://www.ihs.gov/PhysicalRehab/index.cfm?module=dsp_prs_vacancies HIS Physical Rehab job vacancies 


http://aidtac.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/  (American Indian Disability Technical Assistance Center)

http://ric.nal.usda.gov/community-development-resources/native-americans  (Contains links to Native American organizations, planning tools, case studies, funding programs, federal, state and local contacts, statistical data and online publications.) 

http://www.niwhrc.org/ (National Indian Women’s Health Resource Center) 

http://nsaie.org/ National Society for American Indian Elderly 

http://nicoa.org/ American Indian Council on Aging